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 ht logo big neg1

Nikkel magn í fæðu, með gildum

Um þennan lista.

Rautt = Hátt magn, forðast alveg                         Orange = Nokkuð hátt magn, neytið í miklu hófi

Bleikt = Neytið í hófi                                                     Blátt = Lágt eða mjög lágt magn.

 

 

 

Reynið að halda heildar nikkel magni úr fæðu undir 250µg en magnið sem hér er tilgreint er í 100g af hverri fæðutegund. Það má gera með því að skrá niður þá fæðu sem borðuð er yfir daginn, áætla magn hennar og út frá því meta magn nikkels. T.d. dæmis myndi 1 epli sem væri um 130 g gefa, 2,6 µg af nikkeli. 2 x 130/100 = 2,6 µg. Annað dæmi, 30 g af múslí, 67 x 30/100, 20 µg.

 

Fæðutegundir

Nikkel

Biblio

Notes

Alfalfa seeds

730.0

1

 

All Bran Fiber Bar Natural

17.5

2

 

Almonds / Möndlur

130.0

1

 

Anchovy, canned / Ansjósur

5.0

1

 

Apple / Epli

2.0

1

 

Apple juice / Eplasafi

3.0

1

 

Apricots, dried / Apríkósur, þurrkaðar

120.0

1

 

Avocado /Avokadó (mjög breytilegt eftir ræktun)

100.0

1

2

Bacon / Beikon

16.0

1

 

Banana / Banani

7.0

1

 

Barley, flour / Byggmjöl

10.0

1

 

Barley, pearl / Bygg, heil

53.0

1

 

Beans, dried / Baunir, þurrkaðar

273.0

1

 

Beef / Nautakjöt

5.0

1

 

Beef / Nautakjöt

2.0

1

 

Beer, all types / Bjór, allar tegundir

2.0

1

 

Beets / Rauðrófur

5.0

1

 

Belgian endive   / Endive salat, sjá mynd

https://www.alamy.com/one-piece-of-fresh-belgian-endive-salad-viewed-in-close-up-from-its-side-sitting-on-grey-background-surface-image227284148.html

8.0

1

 

Black chocolate (cocoa> 70%) / Dökkt súkkulaði

412.0

2

 

Blackcurrant / Sólber

10.0

1

 

Bread with oil / Brauð, smurt með olíu

14.0

1

 

Bread, durum flour / Brauð úr durum hveiti

2.0

1

 

Bread, rye / Rúgbrauð

43.0

1

 

Bread, white / Hvítt/fínt brauð

6.0

1

 

Bread, wholemeal / Heilhveitibrauð

14.0

1

 

Broccoli / Spergilkál

10.0

1

 

Brown rice, raw / Brún hrísgrjón, Hýðishrísgrjón

37.0

1

1

Brussels Sprouts / Rósakál

3.0

1

 

Buckwheat / Bókhveiti

420.0

1

 

Bulgur / Bulgur

29.0

1

1

Butter / Smjör

10.0

1

 

Cabbages / Hvít kál

4.0

1

 

Cakes, fillings / Kökukrem

70.0

1

 

Calf / Kálfakjöt

2.0

1

 

Candy, mixed / Sælgæti mismunandi tegundir - súkkulaði

20.0

1

 

Canned asparagus / Aspas, niðursoðinn

5.0

1

 

Canned mixed fruit juice / Ávaxtasafi í dós

1.0

1

 

Cannellini beans, dried / Hvíar baunir, ósoðnar

330.0

1

 

Carob / Karob

55.0

1

 

Carrots / Gulrætur

5.0

1

 

Cauliflower / Blómkál

4.0

1

 

Celery / Sellerírót

1.0

1

 

Celery stalk / Sellerí stilkar

7.0

1

 

Cereals "Frosted Flakes" / Morgunkorn, Frosted Flakes

4.0

1

 

Cereals "Guldkorn" / Morgunkorn, Gullkorn

42.0

1

 

Cereals "Millet" / Hirsi

221.0

1

 

Cheese (all types) / Ostur

5.0

1

 

Cherries / Kirsuber

2.0

1

 

Chicken / Kjúklingur

5.0

1

 

Chicken liver / Kjúklingalifur

6.0

1

 

Chickpeas, dried / Kjúklingabaunir

130.0

1

 

Chinese cabbage / Kínakál, sjá mynd

https://www.thespruce.com/how-to-grow-chinese-or-napa-cabbage-4125534

1.0

1

 

Chips / Kartöfluflögur

41.0

1

 

Chocolate drink powder (type Nesquik) / Kókómalt, duft t.d. Nesquik

200.0

1

 

Chocolate filling / súkkulaði fylling (krem)

70.0

1

 

Chocolate fudge / súkkulaðikaka, dökk

223.0

1

 

Cinnamon / kanill

170.0

1

 

Clementine / Klementínur

3.0

1

 

Coco Pops / Morgunkorn, Coco pops

64.0

1

 

Cocoa Butter / Kakósmjör

0.0

1

 

Cocoa powder / Kakó (duft)

855.0

1

 

Coconut / Kókoshneta, kókosmjöl, kókoshveiti

129.0

1

 

Coconut dehydrated / kókos

146.0

1

 

Coconut milk / kókosmjólk

134.0

1

 

Cod fillets / Þorskur

3.0

1

 

Cod liver / Þorsklifur

2.0

1

 

Coffee bean, roasted, ground / Kaffi (baunir, malað)

43.0

1

 

Coffee, drinks, / Kaffidrykkir

1.0

1

 

Coffee, instant, powder / Kaffiduft, instant

81.0

1

 

Coffee, instant, ready to drink / Kaffidrykkir, úr instant kaffi

1.0

1

 

Cookies "Marie" / Kex með súkkulaðihúð

22.0

1

1

Corn cob / Maískorn, maís

20.0

1

 

Corn flour / Maísmjöl, maísenamjöl

29.0

1

 

Corn oil / Maísolía

6.0

1

 

Corn, canned / Maískorn, maís niðursoðinn

4.0

1

 

Corn, raw / Maískorn, maís

20.0

1

 

Cornflakes / Morgunkorn Kornflex, kornflögur

7.0

1

 

Crab / Krabbakjöt

16.0

1

 

Crab claws / Krabbaklær

4.0

1

 

Crackers / Hveitikex, tekex

10.0

1

 

Cranberry / Trönuber

5.0

1

 

Cucumbers / Agúrka

1.0

1

 

Cumin / Kumin (krydd)

280.0

1

 

Dark chocolate (cacao <35%) / Dökkt súkkulaði

268.0

2

 

Dark chocolate (cacao <70%) / Dökkt súkkulaði

276.0

2

 

Dill / Dill

6.0

1

 

Dried dates / Döðlur, þurrkaðar

33.0

1

 

Drinking water / Kranavatn

1.0

1

1

Eggplant / Eggaldin

1.0

1

 

Elder, berries / Yliber

5.0

1

 

Fennel / Fennel, fennikel, sjá mynd

https://www.loveandlemons.com/what-is-fennel/

34.0

1

 

Figs, dried / Fíkjur, þurrkaðar

130.0

1

 

French dressing (vinaigrette) / Frönsk salatdressing, vinaigrette

7.0

1

 

Fresh asparagus / Aspas, ferskur

18.0

1

 

Fried meatballs / Kjötbollur, steiktar

18.0

1

1

Fruit juices, canned / Ávaxtasafi, niðursoðinn í dós

6.0

1

 

Gnocchi / Pasta, gnocchi

25.0

1

 

Gooseberry / Blæjuber

3.0

1

 

Grape seed oil / Vínberjasteina olía

2.0

1

 

Grapefruit / Greip

3.0

1

 

Grapes / Vínber

2.0

1

 

Green Beans / Grænar baunir

17.0

1

 

Grilled Chicken / Grillaður kjúklingur

43.0

1

 

Halibut / Lúða

2.0

1

 

Ham and cheese toast / Samloka með skinku og osti, hvítt brauð

18.0

1

 

Hamburgers, various types (media) / Hamborgari

24.0

1

 

Hazelnuts / Heslihnetur

170.0

1

 

Heart (all types) / Hjarta

1.0

1

 

Hen / Hænsnakjöt

4.0

1

 

Herring / Síld

2.0

1

 

Honey / Hunang

9.0

1

 

Horse / Hrossakjöt

2.0

1

 

Ice cream (all types) / Ís, ekki súkkulaði né með hnetum á

3.0

1

 

Iceberg lettuce / Íssalat, sjá mynd

https://www.gardheimar.is/is/gardurinn/frae-og-laukar/frae/salat/issalat-iceberg-4

2.0

1

 

Jam / Sulta, marmelaði

2.0

1

 

Jam (fruit jelly)   / Sulta, marmelaði

10.0

1

 

Jerusalem artichoke (Rapa Rapa German or white)

/ Þistilhjörtu

15.0

1

 

Kaki, persimon / Kaki ávöxtur, döðluplóma sjá mynd

https://foodinsight.org/look-its-a-tomato-nooo-its-a-persimmon/

22.0

1

 

Kebab, frozen / Kebab

5.9

2

 

Ketchup / Tómatsósa

30.0

1

 

Kiwi / Kíví

4.0

1

 

Lamb / Lambakjöt

5.0

1

 

Lard / Svínafita

4.0

1

 

Leek / Blaðlaukur

7.0

1

 

Lemon / Sítróna

7.0

1

 

Lentils, dried / Linsubaunir, hráar, sjá mynd

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f5/3_types_of_lentil.png

248.0

1

 

Liquorice / Lakkrís

41.0

1

 

Liver (all types) / Lifur

5.0

1

1

Lobster / Humar

8-9

1

 

Mackerel / Makríll (fiskur

1.0

1

 

Madeira wine / Maderia vín

1.0

1

 

Margarine / Smjörlíki

23.0

1

1

Margarine fat 80% / Smjörlíki 80%

38.0

1

 

Margarine lean (minarine) / Smjörlíki, fituminna

3.0

1

 

Marzipan / Marsipan

32.0

1

 

Mashed potato powder / Kartöflumús, duft

20.0

1

 

Meatballs / Kjötbollur

18.0

1

1

Milk (all types) / Nýmjólk, léttmjólk, undanrenna

2.0

1

 

Milk and cocoa / Mjólk með kakói saman við

5.0

1

 

Milk chocolate / Mjólkursúkkulaði

72-92

1

 

Mortadella / Ítölsk pylsa

24.0

1

1

Muesli / Múslí

67.0

1

 

Mung beans, dried / Mung baunir, þurrar, sjá mynd

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mung_bean#/media/File:Sa_green_gram.jpg

330.0

1

 

Mushrooms / Sveppir

1.0

1

 

Mussels / Múslingar (skelfiskur)

13.0

1

 

Oat flour / Haframjöl

80-96

1

 

Oats / Hafrar

230.0

3

 

Octopus / Smokkfiskur

1.0

1

 

Olive oil / Ólífuolía

6.0

1

 

Olives / Ólífur

9.0

1

 

Onions / Laukur

3.0

1

 

Orange / Appelsínur

4.0

1

 

Orange juice, canned / Appelsínusafi

1.0

1

 

Oysters / Ostrur

20.0

1

 

Papaya / Papaja

3.0

1

 

Parboiled rice, raw / Hrísgrjón, ósoðin

17.0

1

 

Parsley / Steinselja

50.0

1

 

Parsley, stem / Steinseljustilkar

11.0

1

 

Parsnip / Nípa

20.0

1

 

Pasta, raw / Pasta, ósoðið

9.0

1

 

Pate / Paté, lifrarkæfa

21.0

1

1

Peach / Ferskjur

15.0

1

 

Peach, preserved / Ferskjur, niðursoðnar

17.0

1

 

Peanuts / Jarðhnetur, salthnetur

390.0

1

 

Pear / Pera

11.0

1

 

Peas / Grænar baunir, ertur

22.0

1

 

Pepper / Paprika

4.0

1

 

Pheasant / Fasani

5.0

1

 

Pork / Svínakjöt

3.0

1

 

Pineapple / Ananas

50.0

1

 

Pineapple juice, canned / Ananassafi, niðursoðinn

6.0

1

 

Pineapple, canned / Ananas, niðursoðinn

15.0

1

 

Pistachio / Pistasíuhnetur

100.0

1

 

Pizza, various types (media) / Pizza

15.0

1

1

Plaice / Smálúða

2.0

1

 

Plaice, breaded, fried / Smálúða, steikt með raspi

17.0

1

 

Plum / Plóma

6.0

1

 

Popcorn / Poppkorn

30.0

1

 

Poppy seeds / Birkifræ (birkirúnnstykki)

166.0

1

 

Popsicle, strawberry / Sleikibrjóstsykur (sleikjó)

13.0

1

 

Port wine / Púrtvín

7.0

1

 

Potato flour / Kartöflumjöl

3.0

1

 

Potatoes (all types) / Kartöflur, allar tegundir

8.0

1

 

Pudding / Búðingur (ekki súkkulaði)

1.0

1

 

Pulses (average) / Baunir, meðaltal

170.0

3

 

Pumpkin / Gasker

4.0

1

 

Pumpkin, canned / Grasker, niðursoðið

5.0

1

 

Rabbit / Kanínukjöt

1.0

1

 

Radishes / Radísur

4.0

1

 

Raspberries / Hindber

17.0

1

 

Red cabbage / Rauðkál

7.0

1

 

Red lentils, dried / Linsur, rauðar, þurrar, sjá mynd

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f5/3_types_of_lentil.png

292.0

1

 

Red Wine / Rauðvín

5.0

1

 

Rhubarb / Rabarbari

8.0

1

 

Rice Krispies / Morgunkorn, Rice Krispies

35.0

1

 

Rice pudding, raw / Hrísgrjónabúðingur

34.0

1

 

Risotto / Risottó

30.7

2

 

Rose wine / Rósavín

5.0

1

 

Rye bread / Rúgbrauð

4.0

1

 

Rye bread with cereal grains / Rúgbrauð með fræjum og korni

10.0

1

 

Rye flour / Rúgmjöl

4.0

1

 

Sago (potato starch) / Sagógjón (eru úr kartöflumjöli)

4.0

1

 

Salami / Salami pylsa

24.0

1

 

Salmon / Lax

4.0

1

 

Salt / Salt

3.0

1

 

Sardines / Sardínur

2.0

1

 

Sausage / Pylsa

2.0

1

 

Sausage, Viennese or Bavarian / Pylsur, vínarpylsur t.d.

19.0

1

 

Savoy cabbage / Savoy kál, sjá mynd https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savoy_cabbage#/media/File:Savoy_Cabbage.jpg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savoy_cabbage#/media/File:Wirsingkohl.jpg

6.0

1

 

Scallops / Hörpuskel

9.0

1

 

Sea Bass / Sjávarbassi, fiskur

10.0

1

 

Sesame seeds, shelled / Sesamfræ

82.0

1

 

Sherry / Sherrí

14.0

1

 

Shrimp / Rækjur

3.0

1

 

Skimmed milk and cocoa / Undanrenna og kakóduft

5.0

1

 

Skimmed milk powder / Undanrennuduft

3.0

1

 

Smoked Sausage / Reykt pylsa

17.0

1

 

Soft drinks, all types / Gosdrykkir, allar tegundir

3.0

1

 

Soft rye bread with seeds of cereals / Rúgmjölsbrauð með fræjum og korni

14.0

1

 

Soybean oil / Sojaolía

6.0

1

 

Soybeans / Sojabaunir, eldaðar

29.0

1

 

Soybeans, dry / Sojabaunir, þurrar, hráar

390.0

1

 

Special K bars with red berries / Special K orkustöng

9.2

2

 

Special K chocolate bars / Special K orkustöng með súkkulaði

63.0

2

 

Spinach / Spínat

3.0

1

 

Spring Roll / Vorrúllur

13.0

1

 

Strawberries / Jarðarber

4.0

1

 

Sugar cane / Sykur

3-7

1

 

Sunflower oil / Sólblómaolía

5.0

1

 

Sunflower seeds / Sólblómafræ

356.0

1

 

Sweet Licorice / Sætur lakkrís

68.0

1

 

Sweet, mixed / Sælgæti, blandað, ekki lakkrís eða súkkulaði

70.0

1

 

Swiss roll (snacks), all types / Rúlluterta

20.0

1

 

Swordfish / Sverðfiskur

1.0

1

 

Syrup / Síróp

30.0

1

 

Tangerines / Tangarínur

3.0

1

 

Tea Leaves / Telauf

710.0

1

 

Tea, ready to drink / Te

2.0

1

 

Tomato juice, canned / Tómatsafi

5.0

1

 

Tomatoes / Tómatar

10.0

1

 

Trout / Bleikja

1.0

1

 

Tuna, canned / Túnfiskur, niðursoðinn

2.0

1

 

Turkey / Kalkúnn

1.0

1

 

Turnip / Næpa

34.0

1

 

Vegetable juices / Grænmetissafi

4.0

1

 

Vermouth / Vermount

2.0

1

 

Walnut / Valhnetur

320.0

1

 

Watermelon / Vatnsmelóna

7.0

1

 

Wheat bran / Hveitiklíð

83.0

1

 

Wheat flour / Hveiti

4.0

1

 

Wheat germ / Hveitikím

80.0

1

 

Wheat grains / Hveitikorn

29.0

1

1

White melon / Hvít melóna

7.0

1

 

White rice, uncooked / Hvít hrísgrjón

25.0

1

 

White Wine / Hvítvín

5.0

1

 

Whitefish / Hvítur fiskur

7.0

1

 

Whole egg, raw / Egg, heil

1.0

1

 

Whole milk powder / Nýmjólkurduft

10.0

1

 

Whole wheat pasta, raw / Heilkornapasta, hrátt

22.0

1

 

Wholemeal bread / Heilhveitibrauð

15.0

1

 

Yeast / Ger

10.0

1

 

Yellow melon / Gul melóna

7.0

1

 

Yellow peas, dried / Gular baunir, þurrkaðar

210.0

1

 

Yogurt / Jógúrt

0.79

2

 

Yogurt with muesli / Jógúrt með múslí

15.0

1

 

 

 

Notes:
1) Mean Nickel content, but in rare cases may vary significantly
2) The nickel content in Avocado is very variable, and can also be very high. It is not advisable to take Avocado in a low Nickel diet.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1) Website:
https://www.foedevareallergi.dk/Hvad_skal_du_undgaa/Mad_med_meget_nikkel/lister_over_nikkel_i_mad/nikkel_i_mad_alfabetisk/nikkel_i_mad_alfabetisk.htm, born from a collaboration between “Asthma and Allergies Denmark”, “National Board of Health” Danish Ministry of Food and Danish DTU Food Institute and supported by the Danish Ministries of Health and Internal Affairs.

2) Arnemo M., Jorhem L., Johansson S., Mattison I., Wretling S., Astrand C. – “Nutrient Analysis of Daisy Foods and Vegetarian Dishes” – Livsmedels Verjet, National Food administration, Sweden – Livsmedelsverkets rapport nr 6/2007

3) Espert Group on Vitamins and Minerals – August 2002:
https://www.food.gov.uk/multimedia/pdfs/nickel.pdf

4) US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2016. Nutrient Data Laboratory. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 28 (Slightly revised). Version Current: May 2016. http://www.ars.usda.gov/nea/bhnrc/mafcl

 

Upplýsingar um nikkel í fæðu:

https://hudlaeknastodin.is/nikkelofnaemi/

https://nickelfoodallergy.com/foods-with-nickel/

https://nickelfoodallergy.com/what-about-alcohol-nickel-allergies/

https://nickelfoodallergy.com/my-nickel-food-allergy/

https://www.torrinomedica.it/approfondimenti/dietologia/nickel-in-foods/

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3667300/

www.pennstatehershey.org/web/dermatology/home

Þýtt og staðfært

Fríða Rún Þórðardóttir

Næringarfræðingur, næringarráðgjafi

08.08.2020

 

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